CBSE Removes Islamic Empires and Cold War from Board Programs | Latest India News
The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) removed chapters dealing with the rise of Islamic empires in Afro-Asian territories, chronicles of Mughal courts, the Cold War and the Industrial Revolution from the history curriculum and of political science in grades 11 and 12, said a section of teachers.
The jury has also officially declared that it will only hold one jury exam for batch 2022-23, which will be held at the end of the academic session. During the current session, the CBSE opted for a two-exam process as a one-time measure in view of the pandemic.
The CBSE, which released the curriculum for the 2022-23 session on Thursday, has streamlined lessons for students in grades 9 to 12 by around 30% to reduce their workload.
While the board has argued that its streamlining of the curriculum is in line with recommendations from the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT), teachers have expressed concerns about the removal of some chapters from the curriculum.
One of the missing chapters from the class 11 history syllabus, titled ‘Central Islamic Lands’, deals with the rise of Islamic empires in Afro-Asian territories and its implications for the economy and society, according to a description on the CBSE website. The chapter focuses on the arenas of Islam with reference to its emergence, the rise of the caliphate and the building of empire, the descriptor says.
A chapter on the industrial revolution is also missing from the program.
In the class 12 history syllabus, a chapter titled “The Mughal Court: Reconstructing the Stories Through the Chronicles” was removed. According to the descriptor available on the CBSE website, the chapter examined the Mughal court chronicles to reconstruct the social, religious and cultural history of the Mughals.
Similarly, in the political science syllabus for class 12, the chapters on the Cold War era and the non-aligned movement, as well as those dealing with social movements and new social movements in India, have been deleted. .
Admittedly, these chapters still appear in the history and political science textbooks currently in circulation on the market. NCERT is also streamlining the program after which new books will be released.
A history teacher at a public school in Rohini, who did not wish to be named, said: “In a secular country like ours, it is very important to have a thorough knowledge of different religions. The ‘Central Islamic Lands’ chapter was a detailed study of Islam — from its origins to the present day. Similarly, the chapter dealing with the Mughal courts was central to medieval history in the curriculum for class 12. Removing these two subjects is completely irrational.
Kanu Sharma, a history teacher at the Indian School, said many topics in the chapters that were left out are also relevant in the present day.
“In fact, in the chapter on the Mughal courts, there was also mention of transgender people. He gave details of how they were respected even then, when they are currently fighting for their rights…Instead, they included a chapter on the economic and fiscal policies of the Mughal Empire , which would not be of much interest to students. ,” she says.
A political science teacher at a private school in Delhi, speaking on condition of anonymity, said: “The chapter dealing with the cold war served as the basis for chapter 2 (‘The end of bipolarity’), which deals with the consequences of the collapse of the Soviet Union. Union)… We can’t teach the second chapter without skipping the Cold War.
When contacted, CBSE officials said they followed due process while streamlining the program. “Teams of experts worked on it. We will soon release a detailed statement on how the council has streamlined the program,” a council official said, speaking on condition of anonymity.